Slim Technology


Apanaria-1 new dimension in ceramics

ZER0.3 is the result of exclusive “laminated stoneware” technology which results in slabs that measure 100x300x0.3 cm, a unique format which opens a whole new world of possibilities to architects and designers. Panariagroup is currently the only firm in the world with the complete technological know-how to produce large thin ceramic slabs. The firm operates a production line that makes porcelain stoneware slabs (measuring 1X3X0.03 meters) which is connected to the atomization area and finally to the line where the product is cut and finished. This highly advanced production line is also equipped with roto-colours, digital decoration technology, gas oven and special selection machinery.







Why Microban® Protection?

Bacteria and other micro-organisms are a fact of life. They are everywhere, all around us, all the time. However hard we try, there’s no getting away from them. Some are good for us, others are neutral, but a few are dangerous. So it makes sense to do what we can to protect ourselves against their potentially harmful and undesirable effects.

How clean are your tiles?

Bacteria on floors can be a source of cross-contamination and can be hazardous for young children who crawl and play on the floor – as dirt and germs are continually being brought into the home through foot traffic from people and also pets!

Looking at bacterial hotspots within the home – the kitchen and bathroom has the potential for the highest number of harmful bacteria which can rapidly spread. With heavy foot traffic in public areas it’s not surprising that in a survey of foodservice providers and restaurant owners 85% of respondents* said they were concerned about the growth of bacteria, mould and mildew found on flooring in restaurant facilities.

It is worth bearing in mind that given the right conditions of warmth, a food source, time and a little humidity bacteria can double in number every twenty minutes.

*Research carried out by Decision Analyst June 2006.

That’s where Microban protection comes in.

Microban and Panaria have teamed up to provide antibacterial protection for their full range of ceramic wall and floor tiles. Panaria ceramic tiles are well known for their beauty, durability and performance; the addition of Microban® silver antibacterial technology provides a continuous level of protection from the growth of harmful bacteria.





What are ceramic tiles?

Ceramic tiles are relatively thin slabs of ceramic material in varying sizes and thicknesses. Ceramic tiles are made from mixtures of clays, sand, and other natural substances. These mixtures are prepared and are then made into the required shapes. They are then fired at high temperatures between 1000 and 1250°C, according to the type of tile. Like all ceramic materials, also tiles are hard, strong, hygienic, easy to clean, not combustible and fire resistant.

What are ceramic tiles used for?

Ceramic tiles are used to cover floors and walls. Tiles are therefore building materials that add the finishing touches and must serve two purposes: – an aesthetic function as a form of decoration; – a technical function as a building material that is able to withstand, without cracking or deteriorating, the various types of stress to which it is subjected by its environment.

What is porcelain stoneware?

The term porcelain stoneware (also known as porcelain tile) refers to an extremely compact dry-pressed ceramic tile with excellent technical characteristics (high resistance to bending, scratching, abrasion, chemicals and weathering) and, in particular, extremely low porosity. During the firing phase (1000-1350 ° C) all porosity in the product has been eliminated, allowing it to be declared as fully vitrified.

What is colored-body stoneware (UGL)?

Colored-body stoneware is a product that shows on the surface exactly the colors that are throughout the whole body of the tile. This characteristic helps in rare cases when a tile splinters and therefore the aesthetic damage is kept to a minimum.

What is colored-body glazed stoneware (GL)?

Colored-body glazed stoneware is a product colored in the mixtures of the tile’s body and further enriched by applications of enamel on the surface.

What is single firing?

This describes a glazed tile, where both tile and glaze are fired together at a temperature exceeding 1000° C: the resulting product presents good resistance to abrasion and the wear of foot traffic. It is therefore suitable to be used as flooring. Single firing can also be in white paste (richer in feldspars and kaolin) or red paste(containing greater quantities of iron). The technical features of single firing make it suitable for floor and wall tiles in private homes, where the level of resistance of the materials more than guarantees the life time of the product. On the other hand, in spaces used for other purposes such as shops or establishments that are open to the public, where foot traffic is more intense and the tile is exposed to greater stress, it is preferable to use a product having a greater level of resistance (glazed or polished porcelain stone).

What is the surface finish?

‘Surface finish’ defines the texture of the surface of a ceramic piece and the process adopted to obtain it. The matt (or natural) finish is the most versatile version in which the tile is not subjected to any other process after the cooking; the polished finish enhances shine and elegance; the structured effect simulates a process performed with specific tools that give the surface a rough and rustic effect; this finish makes the surface non-slip for use in wet environments and particular environmental conditions as well as for outdoors use.

What types of edging can gres porcelain tiles have?

Gres porcelain tiles can have three different types of edging: – natural (NAT): edging that comes exclusively from the molding of the press; – rectified (RECT): edging perfectly straight (sometimes accompanied by a slight chamfer around the perimeter of the surface) coming from squaring procedures that bring the pieces to a uniform dimension of the sides, independent of productions lots; – aged: edging that replicates a random irregularity by mechanical processing after the firing.

What is rectification?

Rectification is a procedure by which the edges of the tiles are perfectly squared. The tiles can then be laid with minimum joints thereby obtaining an aesthetically refined and elegant result. Rectification is useful especially for bathroom tiles and kitchen tiles.

What is tone?

Tone is the tonality of color that characterizes a particular lot of tiles. Considering that it is almost impossible to produce pieces with identical chromatic tonality in an industrial production, the tiles are grouped together regarding the homogeneity of color (tone) before being packed

What is shading?

The phrase “shading” is a denomination which means a passage of visible chromatic gradations that cannot be harmonized. It indicates the difference of tone of single tiles that are not homogeneous. Classes of shading have been established within which the different collections of gr?s porcelain tiles are classified: V1= uniform V2= slight V3= moderate V4= strong.

Application solutions for 20mm products

Extra thick porcelain tile



The 20 mm thick ceramic tile collection by Ceramica Panaria, combine beauty and high technical performance. The result is an excellent solution that for endless outdoor applications.

The high technical characteristics are a timeless guarantee of the resistance of the product. The high resistance to heavy loads makes the product, when fixed to a solid substrate with adhesives, suitable even for vehicular passage.

It is also resistant to frost and thermal shock, mould, stains and salt. The product has excellent non-slip characteristics and it is easy to clean. It is structurally and chromatically resistant in time..